Because many often get their wisdom teeth removed before they can even cause any trouble, a lot of people do not even know what wisdom teeth are. These are the third and last molars on both sides of your upper and lower jaws. Unlike your other teeth, they appear much later, most likely around your twenties.
Dentists believe that wisdom teeth are evolutionary relics, which were once helpful to our distant ancestors because their diet consisted tougher meats and plants. Without the modern dental technology, teeth would eventually fall out, and the wisdom teeth are expected to replace them.
Since oral hygiene has drastically improved, the original 28 teeth are preserved, meaning that there is no room for the additional 4. That setup causes overcrowding, infection, and damage to your bones and nerves, which why dentists recommend wisdom teeth removal. This procedure is conducted by an oral surgeon or dentist in his sanitized clinic, while you are under either a local or general anesthesia.
Although prevention is enough of a reason to get wisdom teeth removal, here are some signs which will tell you that you need to have your dentist do the procedure as soon as possible.
The most common telltale sign that there’s something wrong with your teeth is pain and swelling. That’s typically an indicator of infection or some other issues with your gums or teeth. Although, the dentist will prefer not do procedure while you are in pain or if anything is swollen, but it’s still best to see your dentist, and schedule the procedure as soon as it subsides.
Once you feel pain, congestion or pressure in your sinuses, make sure to get your wisdom teeth checked because they can directly affect how your sinus functions.
Damage to other teeth
Because the wisdom teeth are supposed to be back-up teeth, in case you’ve lost a few by the time you’re 20, your gums are not prepped to accommodate 4 extra teeth. What happens is the extra set of molars push the rest of your other teeth against each other. Apart from pain, this can cause bite problems, like an over or under bite. Wisdom teeth removal is the first step to correcting that.
Wisdom teeth removal can prevent the cysts from forming around your last set of molars. If you don’t get that procedure done as soon as you notice these cysts forming, they can hollow out your jaw and damage nerves.
Your gums swelling are not only uncomfortable and difficult to chew with, they’re also hard to clean. That means, without a wisdom teeth removal, they will remain a breeding ground or bacteria that can cause cavities.
The wisdom teeth, being an unexpected addition to your roster of teeth, crowds the rest and forces them out of alignment. In some extreme cases, this could even mean getting braces to realign the teeth.
Before your dentist recommends an extraction, he will most likely check on those signs and present them to you, so you can also assess whether you’d want to do the procedure or not.